"Believing" in the Fourth Gospel
by Felix Just, S.J., Ph.D.

Greek English Matt Mark Luke John Acts Paul Heb Cath 1John 2&3Jn Rev NT Total


verb: to believe, trust; participle: believer 11 14 9 98 37 54 2 7 9 0 0 241


noun: faith, trust 8 5 11 0 15 142 32 25 1 0 4 243


adjective: faithful, trusting, pure 5 0 6 1 4 33 5 3 1 1 8 67

A) Introductory Comments on the Greek Vocabulary:

B) Possible Responses/Reactions to the Revelation of Jesus (with examples from the Fourth Gospel)

  1. Those who hear Jesus' words and/or see his signs, yet refuse to believe:
  2. Those who hear Jesus' words and/or see his signs and begin to believe, but don't fully recognize Jesus' identity:
  3. Those who come to believe in Jesus, but are evidently afraid to acknowledge their faith publicly:
  4. Those who encounter Jesus and come to believe in him, and are recognized as his disciples:
  5. Those who believe even without seeing signs, on the basis of hearing the words of Jesus and/or other witnesses:

C) Examples of Increasing (or Decreasing) Faith; Growing Acceptance (or Rejection) of Jesus

D) Results/Effects of Believing in Jesus and/or in God:

E) Implications of Believing: What does having "Eternal Life Now" look like concretely?

F) Consequences of NOT Believing in Jesus

G) Texts from John's Gospel with "Believing" (NRSV translation; grouped by grammatical object)

I) Believe (absolute trust, without an explicit object or qualifier; but believing "in God" or "in Jesus" is usually implied):

II) Believe IN... (usually literally "believe INTO" in Greek; meaning "entrusting oneself to..." or "placing one's trust in..."):

III) Believe + Personal or Impersonal Objects (me, him, Jesus, Moses, the scriptures, the words or works of Jesus, etc.)

IV) Believe THAT... (early creedal or doctrinal statements):

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This page was last updated on July 8, 2013
Copyright 2005--2013 by Felix Just, S.J.